The Cambridge History of Eighteenth century Philosophy

by Knud Haakonssen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Philosophy
Pages: 1407 pages
ISBN 13: 9780521867436
ISBN 10: 0521867436
Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle
This two-volume set presents a comprehensive and up-to-date history of eighteenth-century philosophy. The subject is treated systematically by topic, not by individual thinker, school, or movement, thus enabling a much more historically nuanced picture of the period to be painted.
The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-century Philosophy
Language: en
Pages: 1407
Authors: Knud Haakonssen
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This two-volume set presents a comprehensive and up-to-date history of eighteenth-century philosophy. The subject is treated systematically by topic, not by individual thinker, school, or movement, thus enabling a much more historically nuanced picture of the period to be painted.
Godless Fictions in the Eighteenth Century
Language: en
Pages: 260
Authors: James Reeves
Categories: Literary Criticism
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-07-09 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Documents eighteenth-century literary representations of atheism, arguing that opposition to atheism generated unique forms of religious belief.
From Moral Theology to Moral Philosophy
Language: en
Pages: 288
Authors: Tim Stuart-Buttle
Categories: Philosophy
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-06-27 - Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries represent a period of remarkable intellectual vitality in British philosophy, as figures such as Hobbes, Locke, Hume, and Smith attempted to explain the origins and sustaining mechanisms of civil society. Their insights continue to inform how political and moral theorists think about the world in which we live. From Moral Theology to Moral Philosophy reconstructs a debate which preoccupied contemporaries but which seems arcane to us today. It concerned the relationship between reason and revelation as the two sources of mankind's knowledge, particularly in the ethical realm: to what extent, they asked, could reason alone discover the content and obligatory character of morality? This was held to be a historical, rather than a merely theoretical question: had the philosophers of pre-Christian antiquity, ignorant of Christ, been able satisfactorily to explain the moral universe? What role had natural theology played in their ethical theories - and was it consistent with the teachings delivered by revelation? Much recent scholarship has drawn attention to the early-modern interest in two late Hellenistic philosophical traditions - Stoicism and Epicureanism. Yet in the English context, three figures above all - John Locke, Conyers Middleton, and David Hume - quite deliberately and explicitly identified their approaches with Cicero as the representative of an alternative philosophical tradition, critical of both the Stoic and the Epicurean: academic scepticism. All argued that Cicero provided a means of addressing what they considered to be the most pressing question facing contemporary philosophy: the relationship between moral philosophy and moral theology.
Anti-Atheism in Early Modern England 1580-1720
Language: en
Pages: 348
Authors: Kenneth Sheppard
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-06-01 - Publisher: BRILL

Anti-Atheism in Early Modern England traces the emergence and transformation of a distinct apologetic discourse called the confutation of atheism.
Responses to Religious Division, c. 1580-1620
Language: en
Pages: 304
Authors: Natasha Constantinidou
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-06-21 - Publisher: BRILL

In Responses to Religious Division, c. 1580-1620 Natasha Constantinidou considers the views articulated by the scholars Pierre Charron, Justus Lipsius, Paolo Sarpi and James VI and I in reaction to the impact of the religious wars.
The Horror Plays of the English Restoration
Language: en
Pages: 194
Authors: Anne Hermanson
Categories: Literary Criticism
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-03-09 - Publisher: Routledge

A decade after the Restoration of Charles II, a disturbing group of tragedies, dubbed by modern critics the horror or the blood-and-torture villain tragedies, burst onto the London stage. Ten years later they were gone - absorbed into the partisan frenzy which enveloped the theatre at the height of the Exclusion Crisis. Despite burgeoning interest, until now there has been no full investigation into why these deeply unsettling plays were written when they were and why they so fascinated audiences for the period that they held the stage. The author’s contention is that the genre of horror gains its popularity at times of social dislocation. It reflects deep schisms in society, and English society was profoundly unsettled and in a (delayed) state of shock from years of social upheaval and civil conflict. Through recurrent images of monstrosity, madness, venereal disease, incest and atheism, Hermanson argues that the horror dramatists trope deep-seated and unresolved anxieties - engaging profoundly with contemporary discourse by abreacting the conspiratorial climate of suspicion and fear. Some go as far as to question unequivocally the moral and political value of monarchy, vilifying the office of kingship and pushing ideas of atheism further than in any drama produced since Seneca. This study marks the first comprehensive investigation of these macabre tragedies in which playwrights such as Nathaniel Lee, Thomas Shadwell, Elkanah Settle, Thomas Otway and the Earl of Rochester take their audience on an exploration of human iniquity, thrusting them into an examination of man’s relationship to God, power, justice and evil.
The Place of the Dead
Language: en
Pages: 324
Authors: Bruce Gordon, Peter Marshall
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000-01-28 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book provides a comprehensive account of attitudes towards the dead and their 'placing'.
The Science of Religion, Spirituality, and Existentialism
Language: en
Pages: 502
Authors: Kenneth E. Vail III, Clay Routledge
Categories: Psychology
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-04-04 - Publisher: Academic Press

The Science of Religion, Spirituality, and Existentialism presents in-depth analysis of the core issues in existential psychology, their connections to religion and spirituality (e.g., religious concepts, beliefs, identities, and practices), and their diverse outcomes (e.g., psychological, social, cultural, and health). Leading scholars from around the world cover research exploring how fundamental existential issues are both cause and consequence of religion and spirituality, informed by research data spanning multiple levels of analysis, such as: evolution; cognition and neuroscience; emotion and motivation; personality and individual differences; social and cultural forces; physical and mental health; among many others. The Science of Religion, Spirituality, and Existentialism explores known contours and emerging frontiers, addressing the big question of why religious belief remains such a central feature of the human experience. Discusses both abstract concepts of mortality and concrete near-death experiences Covers the struggles and triumphs associated with freedom, self-regulation, and authenticity Examines the roles of social exclusion, experiential isolation, attachment, and the construction of social identity Considers the problems of uncertainty, the effort to discern truth and reality, and the challenge to find meaning in life Discusses how the mind developed to handle existential topics, how the brain and mind implement the relevant processes, and the many variations and individual differences that alter those processes Delves into the psychological functions of religion and science; the influence on pro- and antisocial behavior, politics, and public policy; and looks at the role of spiritual concerns in understanding the human body and maintaining physical health
The Cambridge History of Atheism
Language: en
Authors: Michael Ruse
Categories: Religion
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-07-31 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The two-volume Cambridge History of Atheism offers an authoritative and up to date account of a subject of contemporary interest. Comprised of sixty essays by an international team of scholars, this History is comprehensive in scope. The essays are written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, including religious studies, philosophy, sociology, and classics. Offering a global overview of the subject, from antiquity to the present, the volumes examine the phenomenon of unbelief in the context of Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, Hindu, and Jewish societies. They explore atheism and the early modern Scientific Revolution, as well as the development of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and its continuing implications. The History also includes general survey essays on the impact of scepticism, agnosticism and atheism, as well as contemporary assessments of thinking. Providing essential information on the nature and history of atheism, The Cambridge History of Atheism will be indispensable for both scholarship and teaching, at all levels.
The Radical Reformation and the Making of Modern Europe
Language: en
Pages: 192
Authors: Mario Biagioni
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-12-15 - Publisher: BRILL

Mario Biagioni presents an account of the lives and thoughts of some radical reformers of the sixteenth century, showing that the Radical Reformation played a pivotal role in the rise of modern Europe.
Civil Histories
Language: en
Pages: 416
Authors: Peter Burke, Brian Harrison, Paul Slack
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2000-05-04 - Publisher: OUP Oxford

Sir Keith Thomas is one of the most innovative and influential of English historians, and a scholar of unusual range. These essays, presented to him on his retirement as President of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, concentrate on one of the broad themes illuminated by his work - changing notions of civility in the past. From the sixteenth century onwards, civility was a term applied to modes of behaviour as well as to cultural and civic attributes. Its influence extended from styles of language and sexual mores to funeral ceremonies and commercial morality. It was used to distinguish the civil from the barbarous and the English from the Irish and Welsh, and to banish superstition and justify imperialism. The contributors - distinguished historians who have been Keith Thomas's pupils - illustrate the many implications of civility in the early modern period and its shifts of meaning down to the twentieth century.
The Inquisitor in the Hat Shop
Language: en
Pages: 432
Authors: Federico Barbierato
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-03-03 - Publisher: Routledge

Early modern Venice was an exceptional city. Located at the intersection of trade routes and cultural borders, it teemed with visitors, traders, refugees and intellectuals. It is perhaps unsurprising, then, that such a city should foster groups and individuals of unorthodox beliefs, whose views and life styles would bring them into conflict with the secular and religious authorities. Drawing on a vast store of primary sources - particularly those of the Inquisition - this book recreates the social fabric of Venice between 1640 and 1740. It brings back to life a wealth of minor figures who inhabited the city, and fostered ideas of dissent, unbelief and atheism in the teeth of the Counter-Reformation. The book vividly paints a scene filled with craftsmen, friars and priests, booksellers, apothecaries and barbers, bustling about the city spaces of sociability, between coffee-houses and workshops, apothecaries' and barbers' shops, from the pulpit and drawing rooms, or simply publicly speaking about their ideas. To give depth to the cases identified, the author overlays a number of contextual themes, such as the survival of Protestant (or crypto-Protestant) doctrines, the political situation at any given time, and the networks of dissenting groups that flourished within the city, such as the 'free metaphysicists' who gathered in the premises of the hatter Bortolo Zorzi. In so doing this rich and thought provoking book provides a systematic overview of how Venetian ecclesiastical institutions dealt with the sheer diffusion of heterodox and atheistical ideas at different social levels. It will be of interest not only to scholars of Venice, but all those with an interest in the intellectual, cultural and religious history of early-modern Europe.