Artifact Classification

by Dwight W. Read
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Antiquities
Pages: 363 pages
ISBN 13:
ISBN 10: OCLC:647927327
Format: PDF, ePUB, MOBI, Audiobooks, Kindle
Dwight Read offers a methodology for producing systematic classifications of objects that are both salient to the cultural groups that produced them and relevant for establishing cultural categories and timelines for archaeologists.
Artifact Classification
Language: en
Pages: 363
Authors: Dwight W. Read
Categories: Antiquities
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher:

Dwight Read offers a methodology for producing systematic classifications of objects that are both salient to the cultural groups that produced them and relevant for establishing cultural categories and timelines for archaeologists.
Artifact Classification
Language: en
Pages: 363
Authors: Dwight W Read
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-09-16 - Publisher: Routledge

Archaeologists have been developing artifact typologies to understand cultural categories for as long as the discipline has existed. Dwight Read examines these attempts to systematize the cultural domains in premodern societies through a historical study of pottery typologies. He then offers a methodology for producing classifications that are both salient to the cultural groups that produced them and relevant for establishing cultural categories and timelines for the archaeologist attempting to understand the relationship between material culture and ideational culture of ancient societies. This volume is valuable to upper level students and professional archaeologists across the discipline.
Mathematics and Archaeology
Language: en
Pages: 528
Authors: Juan A. Barcelo, Igor Bogdanovic
Categories: Mathematics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-06-08 - Publisher: CRC Press

Although many archaeologists have a good understanding of the basics in computer science, statistics, geostatistics, modeling, and data mining, more literature is needed about the advanced analysis in these areas. This book aids archaeologists in learning more advanced tools and methods while also helping mathematicians, statisticians, and computer scientists with no previous knowledge of the field realize the potential of the methods in archaeological experiments.
A Universal Theory of Pottery Production
Language: en
Pages: 214
Authors: Richard A. Krause
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-05-30 - Publisher: University of Alabama Press

An interactional theory of artifact description -- A theory of ceramic production : the focal form -- A theory of production steps and stages -- The classification of artifact complexes -- Background for the study of the ceramic sample from Paso del Indio -- The Paso del Indio sample size, morphology, and manufacture -- Modes of appendation -- Decoration, drying, and firing -- Summary and discussion
A Critique of Archaeological Reason
Language: en
Pages: 388
Authors: Giorgio Buccellati
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-04-30 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book defines the concept of 'archaeological reason', and provides a new approach to archaeological excavations, philosophical hermeneutics, and digital theory.
Crossing Borders, Making Connections
Language: en
Pages: 309
Authors: Allison Burkette, Tamara Warhol
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021-01-18 - Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

This edited volume explores the scope of interdisciplinary linguistics and includes voices from scholars in different disciplines within the social sciences and humanities, as well as different sub-disciplines within linguistics. Chapters within this volume offer a range of perspectives on interdisciplinary studies, represent a connection between different disciplines, or demonstrate an application of interdisciplinarity within linguistics. The volume is divided into three sections: perspectives, connections, and applications. Perspectives The goal of this section is to address more generally the definition(s) of and value of multi-, trans-, and inter-disciplinary work. In what areas and for what purposes is there a need for work that crosses discipline boundaries? What are the challenges of undertaking such work? What opportunities are available? Connections This section features paired chapters written by scholars in different disciplines that discuss the same concept/idea/issue. For example, a discussion of how "assemblage" works in archaeology is paired with a discussion of how "assemblage" can be used to talk about ‘style’ in linguistics. Applications This section can be framed as sample answers to the question: What does interdisciplinarity look like?
Tobacco, Pipes, and Race in Colonial Virginia
Language: en
Pages: 247
Authors: Anna S Agbe-Davies
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-06-03 - Publisher: Routledge

Tobacco, Pipes, and Race in Colonial Virginia investigates the economic and social power that surrounded the production and use of tobacco pipes in colonial Virginia and the difficulty of correlating objects with cultural identities. A common artifact in colonial period sites, previous publications on this subject have focused on the decorations on the pipes or which ethnic group produced and used the pipes, “European,” “African,” or “Indian.” This book weaves together new interpretations, analytical techniques, classification schemes, historical background, and archaeological methods and theory. Special attention is paid to the subfield of African diaspora research to display the complexities of understanding this class of material culture. This fascinating study is accessible to the undergraduate reader, as well as to graduate students and scholars.
Quantitative Methods in Archaeology Using R
Language: en
Authors: David L. Carlson
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-06-26 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Quantitative Methods in Archaeology Using R is the first hands-on guide to using the R statistical computing system written specifically for archaeologists. It shows how to use the system to analyze many types of archaeological data. Part I includes tutorials on R, with applications to real archaeological data showing how to compute descriptive statistics, create tables, and produce a wide variety of charts and graphs. Part II addresses the major multivariate approaches used by archaeologists, including multiple regression (and the generalized linear model); multiple analysis of variance and discriminant analysis; principal components analysis; correspondence analysis; distances and scaling; and cluster analysis. Part III covers specialized topics in archaeology, including intra-site spatial analysis, seriation, and assemblage diversity.
Human Thought and Social Organization
Language: en
Pages: 476
Authors: Murray J. Leaf, Dwight Read
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-06-07 - Publisher: Lexington Books

Two characteristics of human beings as a species are: the elaboration of our thought through language and symbolism, and the pluralistic nature of our systems of social organization. This book shows how these two characteristics are related by determining the conceptual structures that are fundamental to human thought and social organization.
The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis
Language: en
Pages: 724
Authors: Alice M. W. Hunt
Categories: Antiques & Collectibles
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017 - Publisher: Oxford University Press

The Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Ceramic Analysis draws together topics and methodologies essential for the socio-cultural, mineralogical, and geochemical analysis of archaelogical ceramic. Ceramic is one of the most complex and ubiquitous archaeomaterials in the archaeological record: it occurs around the world and through time in almost every culture and context, from building materials and technological installations to utilitarian wares and votive figurines. For more than 100 years, archaeologists have used ceramic analysis to answer complex questions about economy, subsistence, technological innovation, social organization, and dating. The volume is structured around the themes "Research design and data analysis," "Foundational concepts," "Evaluating ceramic provenance," "Investigating ceramic manufacture," "Assessing vessel function," and "Dating ceramic assemblages." It provides a common vocabulary and offers practical tools and guidelines for ceramic analysis using techniques and methodologies ranging from network analysis and typology to rehydroxylation dating and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Each chapter provides the theoretical background and practical guidelines, such as cost and destructiveness of analysis, for each technique, as well as detailed case studies illustrating the application and interpretation of analytical data for answering anthropological questions.
Pottery and Social Life in Medieval England
Language: en
Pages: 160
Authors: Ben Jervis
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-07-31 - Publisher: Oxbow Books

How can pottery studies contribute to the study of medieval archaeology? How do pots relate to documents, landscapes and identities? These are the questions addressed in this book which develops a new approach to the study of pottery in medieval archaeology. Utilising an interpretive framework which focuses upon the relationships between people, places and things, the effect of the production, consumption and discard of pottery is considered, to see pottery not as reflecting medieval life, but as one actor which contributed to the development of multiple experiences and realities in medieval England. By focussing on relationships we move away from viewing pottery simply as an object of study in its own right, to see it as a central component to developing understandings of medieval society. The case studies presented explore how we might use relational approaches to re-consider our approaches to medieval landscapes, overcome the methodological and theoretical divisions between documents and material culture and explore how the use of objects could have multiple implications for the formation and maintenance of identities. The use of this approach makes this book not only of interest to pottery specialists, but also to any archaeologist seeking to develop new interpretive approaches to medieval archaeology and the archaeological study of material culture.
Flint Daggers in Prehistoric Europe
Language: en
Pages: 176
Authors: Catherine Frieman, Berit Valentin Eriksen
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-12-31 - Publisher: Oxbow Books

For more than a century flint daggers have been among the most closely studied and most heavily published later prehistoric lithic tools. It is well established that they are found across Europe and beyond, and that many were widely circulated over many generations. Yet, few researchers have attempted to discuss the entirety of the flint dagger phenomenon. The present volume brings together papers that address questions of the regional variability and socio-technical complexity of flint daggers and their production. It focuses on the typology, chronology, technology, functionality and meaning of flint and other lithic daggers produced primarily in Europe, but also in the Eastern Mediterranean and East Asia, in prehistory. The 14 papers by leading researchers provide a comprehensive overview of the state of knowledge concerning various flint dagger corpora as well as potential avenues for the development of a research agenda across national, regional and disciplinary boundaries. The volume originates from a session held at the 2011 meeting of the European Association of Archaeology but includes additional commissioned contributions.